By Liwei Jiao
500 universal chinese language Idioms is the proper instrument for all intermediate to complex beginners of chinese language. in response to huge corpora of real language information, it offers the five hundred most ordinarily used chinese language idioms or chengyu, besides various synonyms, antonyms and the commonest buildings, allowing the reader to make proficient guesses concerning the meanings of hundreds and hundreds of strange idioms.
Key good points include:
- the idiom in either simplified and conventional characters
- a literal English translation and English equivalents
- two appropriate instance sentences, plus causes and utilization notes
- a Pinyin index and stroke order index.
This sensible dictionary is appropriate either for sophistication use and self reliant learn and may be of curiosity to scholars and lecturers of chinese language alike.
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Extra resources for 500 Common Chinese Idioms: An Annotated Frequency Dictionary
Indeed, almost nothing impresses a Chinese person more than an aptly used idiom coming from the mouth of a foreigner. There is a great number of idioms in Chinese, with certain dictionaries of idioms including well over 20,000 entries. All Chinese people know idioms, even though the total number known by any one individual will depend on her or his education, linguistic talent, general intelligence, etc. Idioms are such an important part of Chinese popular culture that there even exists a game called chéngyǔ jiēlóng) that involves someone calling out an idiom, with someone else then being supposed to think of another idiom to link up with the first one, so that the last character of the first idiom is the same as the first character of the second idiom, and so forth.
Can also serve as attributive. Allusion: A Northern Dynasties folk song, MulanCi, sang the praises of the young woman Mulan, who joined the military on behalf of her father. Mulan had been in the military for twelve years and involved in many military exploits when she was finally recognized by her comrades as being a woman. Her explanation then was this: “The male rabbit's foot moves all over, the female rabbit's eyes are dim. ” The meaning of this is that when rabbits are grabbed by their ears so they can't move, the male rabbit's feet will keep moving wildly, while the female rabbit's eyes will half close, which makes it easy to distinguisǐ males from females.
Example 1: . Gōngwùyuán yīnggāi quánxīn-quányì de wèi rénmín fúwù. ' Note: Somewhat complimentary in meaning. ' 5. ' Example 1: . Nĭmen wúlùn-rúhé dōu yào zài sān tiān nèi bă zhè jiàn shìqing zuòwán. ' Example 2: , . Wŏ kàn tā fēicháng miànshú, dànshì wúlùn-rúhé dōu xiăngbuqĭ tā de míngzi lái. ' Usage: Functions as adverbial. ' 6. ' Example 1: . Tā yùdàole qiánsuŏwèiyŏu de tiăozhàn. ' Example 2: , , . Zhè cì xíngdòng guīmó zhī dà, sùdù zhī kuài, zài lìshĭ shàng shì qiánsuŏwèiyŏu de. ' Usage: Functions mainly as attributive; can also serve as predicate.
500 Common Chinese Idioms: An Annotated Frequency Dictionary by Liwei Jiao