Download PDF by Smeets, Ineke: A Grammar of Mapuche (Mouton Grammar Library)

By Smeets, Ineke

ISBN-10: 3110195585

ISBN-13: 9783110195583

Mapuche is the language of the Mapuche (or Araucanians), the local population of valuable Chile. The Mapuche language, also known as Mapudungu, is spoken by way of approximately 400,000 humans in Chile and 40,000 in Argentina. The Mapuche humans, anticipated at approximately 1000000, represent the vast majority of the Chilean indigenous inhabitants. The heritage of the Mapuche is the tale of passionate combatants who controlled to prevent the Inca's yet succumbed to the Spanish invaders after and a part century of conflict. the connection of the Mapuche language with different Amerindian languages has now not but been validated. Mapuche is a hugely agglutinative language with a fancy verbal morphology. This ebook bargains a entire and unique description of the Mapuche language. It encompasses a grammar (phonology, morphology and syntax), a set of texts (stories, conversations and songs) with morphological analyses and unfastened translations, and a Mapuche-English dictionary with loads of derivations and examples. The grammar is preceded by means of a socio-historical cartoon of the Mapuche humans and a short dialogue of  past reviews of the Mapuche language. the fabric for the outline was once accumulated by way of the writer with assistance from 5 Mapuche audio system  with recognition to the dialectal changes among them. The abundance of completely analysed examples makes for a full of life decription of the language. The intricacy of the verbal morphology will arouse the curiosity not just of these who perform Amerindian linguistics but additionally of these who're attracted to language concept and language typology.

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Extra info for A Grammar of Mapuche (Mouton Grammar Library)

Sample text

Due to the very low frequency of sh, the functional load of the opposition s-sh is rather limited. 1). The situation is not the same for all four informants. In the speech of LQ and MH, sh occurs in a limited number of native roots and in a very few Spanish loans (see below). In the speech of RR and MM, sh is even less frequent. Below I list the -native and borrowed- roots which contain sh in the speech of LQ. These roots have been checked with MH and RR, who did not know some of them (indicated by “no” in the chart below).

Number is optional for third person subject. In a verb form which contains only a subject and a direct object marker, the subject is the agent and the direct object is the patient. There are two direct object markers: -fi- and -e-. The suffix -fi-, the external direct object marker (EDO), indicates that the patient has to be looked for in the situation at large, outside the speech act. The referent of -fialways is a third person. The number of the -fi- referent is optionally indicated by means of a personal pronoun.

The suffix -e- necessarily combines with a slot 1 filler. Dative subject is either a third person (marked -(m)ew ) or a non-third person (marked -∅). (5) pe-e-y-m-u-mew 6 4 3 2 1 see-ido -ind –2 -d -ds ‘he/she/they saw youd’ For the sake of brevity, a third person subject, direct object or dative subject will usually be translated as ‘he’ or ‘him’. Slots 6 and 1 can be filled in predicates and subordinates. Verbs which can contain a slot 6 filler (and a slot 1 filler in case slot 6 is occupied by -e-) are transitive.

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A Grammar of Mapuche (Mouton Grammar Library) by Smeets, Ineke

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