By Mutsumi Yamamoto
The idea that of 'animacy' issues the basic and cognitive query of the level to which we realize and convey dwelling issues as saliently human-like or animal-like. In Animacy and Reference Mutsumi Yamamoto pursues major targets: First, to set up a conceptual framework of animacy, and secondly, to provide an explanation for how the concept that of animacy will be mirrored within the use of referential expressions. Unlike past reports at the topic focussing on grammatical manifestations, Animacy and Reference sheds gentle upon the conceptual houses of animacy itself and its mirrored image in referen. Read more...
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Extra info for Animacy and reference : a cognitive approach to corpus linguistics
Deane 1987). However, as Croft (1990: 115) points out, Silverstein’s original analysis on ‘split ergativity’ differs considerably from the kinds of hierarchies examined in this chapter. Silverstein represents animacy in terms of a hierarchy of binary features, arguing that split ergative systems show a split along with the hierarchy of various binary features, of which the factor of animacy is a relatively peripheral part (cf. Silverstein 1976: 122). WHAT IS ‘ANIMACY’? 39 2. One aspect of the concept of individuation which will not be given close observation is ‘definiteness’/‘referentiality’.
12 ANIMACY AND REFERENCE Without fail she is gone, has got out, dematerialized. No amount of coaxing will make her reveal herself in anything but her own good time, but after nearly a year and a half I have discovered her secret. Squid loves to watch people, especially when they are making fools of themselves looking for her…. A cat knows how to anticipate…. but a cat can’t understand the concept of anticipation and therefore is unable to allow for it in other species. So this is where we have them almost surely.
The most reasonable paraphrase of (24) would be one, which highlights the dehumanised aspect of THE LABOR MINISTER, but does not fail to show the ‘temporary coreference’ between THE LABOR MINISTER and MY FATHER. It seems to be something like the one shown in (28): (28) I am not against him as MY FATHER, but as THE LABOR MINISTER. The word as enables speakers to separate the various aspects of an individual. It should be noted that the third person personal pronoun, him, refers to the referent as a ‘whole’ individual person.
Animacy and reference : a cognitive approach to corpus linguistics by Mutsumi Yamamoto