By D. C. M. Platt, Guido Di Tella
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Extra resources for Argentina, Australia and Canada: Studies in Comparative Development 1870–1965
In economic terms, these are cases of the discovery of 'potential' rent. While the downward trend in the size of the contribution of natural resources to the process of growth is particularly applicable to an agricultural economy, in the case of minerals the picture is not so clear. In the particular case of oil the reality has been quite the reverse in those fortunate countries which are so endowed, both for the older oil producers (because of the price rise) and even more so among the new states in which oil has been discovered, such as Libya, Nigeria, etc.
Alan Barnard, The Australian Wool Market 1840-1900 (Melbourne, 1958). John Lynch, Argentine Dictator: Juan Manuel de Rosas 1829-1852 (Oxford, 1981) pp. 84--7. 20. 1887, p. 75. 21. Francisco Seeber, 'Argentina, Canada, Australasia: Lecciones de progresso comparado, inferioridad relativa de Ia Argentina', Anales de Ia Sociedad Rural Argentina, 1908, 98. 22. J. F. Guthrie, A World History of Sheep and Wool (Melbourne, 1957) p. 174. 23. J. Colin Crossley in Harold Blakemore, Clifford T. Smith (eds), Latin America: Geographical Perspectives (London, 1971) p.
Both, supply and demand, have increased, but the downward shift in supply has at times been dramatic, particularly in the areas and periods that we are considering, permitting a postponement, or even a temporary reversal, of the Malthusian trend. Supply has increased not only because of the incorporation of resources - most significant in the nineteenth century - but also because of improved productivity of those same resources (more characteristic of the twentieth century). This has been, and is, a qualitative change with obvious quantitative results which, by contrast, have almost unlimited possibilities.
Argentina, Australia and Canada: Studies in Comparative Development 1870–1965 by D. C. M. Platt, Guido Di Tella