By James A. Walker
The articles during this edited quantity signify more than a few techniques to learning the position of verbal element in grammatical version. matters addressed contain: defining the variable context; operationalizing aspectual differences as components conditioning linguistic edition; and the fitting variety of aspectual differences and degrees. except bringing to mild a variety of methodological and analytical concerns, this quantity gathers jointly a different choice of unique learn, in line with spoken- and written-language corpora, of an array of languages and linguistic kinds: African American. Read more...
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Additional info for Aspect in grammatical variation
As franciscanas de Maria … têm realizado todo o trabalho … the franciscans of Mary they-have realized all the work . The sentence in (8c) is especially interesting because the past participle of descobrir ‘to discover’ agrees in gender and number with the verbal argument a maranha (feminine, singular), in much the same way it does in contemporary French if a pronominal object occurs before a past participle (cf. Harris 1982). . The corpus was recorded in São Paulo as part of the NURC (Norma Urbana Culta ‘Cultivated Urban Norm’) research project.
A first methodological issue concerns locating sentences with instances of EG whose meaning could be expressed by TP (and vice versa), a question of how to define the variable context (or the envelope of variation). Although this question is methodological, it intersects with analysis to the extent that it raises the question of whether the variable context should be defined on formal or functional grounds (see Introduction, this volume). This chapter begins by presenting synchronic and diachronic data to make explicit the methodological decisions involved in defining the variable context and selecting tokens for quantitative analysis.
Mas agora … está sempre acontecendo na “barra” das polícias. (21) b. Atualmente os representantes têm falhado muito. ATELIC (14) a. Eu tô andando pouco de avião. (19) b. Qual é a novela? Eu não tenho tido tempo de ver, sabe? DYNAMIC (20) a. Mas agora … está sempre acontecendo na “barra” das polícias. (14) b. Tenho andado mais de automóvel. NON-DYNAMIC (19) a. Nós estamos tendo assim um problema de quantidade. b. Qual é a novela? Eu não tenho tido tempo de ver, sabe? 9 Factor groups run features that characterize the verb-phrase.
Aspect in grammatical variation by James A. Walker