By Richard Xiao †, Tony McEnery
Chinese language, as a side language, has performed a big position within the improvement of point idea. This ebook is a scientific and based exploration of the linguistic units that Mandarin chinese language employs to specific aspectual meanings. The paintings awarded here's the 1st corpus-based account of element in chinese language, encompassing either state of affairs element and standpoint element. In utilizing corpus info, the publication seeks to accomplish a wedding among theory-driven and corpus-based techniques to linguistics. The corpus-based version awarded explores element at either the semantic and grammatical degrees. on the semantic point a two-level version of state of affairs point is proposed, which covers either the lexical and sentential degrees, therefore giving a greater account of the compositional nature of state of affairs point. on the grammatical point 4 perfective and 4 imperfective features in chinese language are explored intimately. This exploration corrects many intuition-based misconceptions, and linked deceptive conclusions, approximately element in chinese language universal within the literature.
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Additional info for Aspect In Mandarin Chinese: A Corpus-based Study (Studies in Language Companion Series)
Following Comrie (1976:13), Mourelatos (1981:201) and Brinton (1988:23), we will use ‘situation’ to mean the entities in the real world codiWed by language. Although ‘event type’ and ‘situation type’ are frequently used interchangeably in the literature, they are used diVerently in this book. Event is used as a term for a dynamic situation in opposition to a state, and situation is preferred as a term inclusive of both event and state. With these deWnitions in place, we can return to the examples under consideration.
While states and ‘occurrences’ (processes and events) can be diVerentiated on the basis of [±dynamic], the two types of occurrences are diVerent in that events can be counted whereas processes cannot. In order to correct Vendler’s (1967:115) classiWcation of see as in I saw him run/cross the street as a state, Mourelatos (1981:200) proposes collapsing Vender’s accomplishments and achievements into one category: events. In his analysis, therefore, the third-level distinction is at best a secondary distinction.
Also Frawley 1992:331). As such, one must refer to ‘viewing’, ‘conceiving’, and ‘conceptualising’ in speaking of aspect (cf. 1). Consequently, verb classes, situation types and the classiWcation system of situation aspect show great similarities cross-linguistically (cf. g. ‘states’, ‘activities’ and ‘achievements’). g. viewpoint aspect) that leads to aspectual distinctions. 5, situation aspect in Chinese and English shows a great similarity at both the lexical and the sentential levels. This is in spite of the fact that our model does indicate some cross-linguistic diVerences between English and Chinese.
Aspect In Mandarin Chinese: A Corpus-based Study (Studies in Language Companion Series) by Richard Xiao †, Tony McEnery