New PDF release: Aspergillus in the genomic era

By Janos Varga, Robert A. Samson

ISBN-10: 9086860656

ISBN-13: 9789086860654

ISBN-10: 9086866352

ISBN-13: 9789086866359

Aspergillus is without doubt one of the economically most crucial fungal genera. Aspergillus species are utilized in the fermentation for the creation of assorted enzymes, natural acids and pharmaceutically very important compounds, and in Oriental foodstuff fermentations. even as, Aspergilli could cause opportunistic infections, and bring a number of secondary metabolites sometimes called mycotoxins that are damaging to people and animals. as a result of its value in biotechnology, drugs and meals, Aspergilli are within the vanguard of stories facing quite a few facets of fungi.This is definitely illustrated by way of the truth that tasks aiming at sequencing the genomes of 9 species are in development. during this e-book, a few points of the biology of this genus are lined, together with the biotechnological significance of Aspergilli, their function in mycotoxin infection of nutrition items together with grapes and low items, and implications of biodiversity of Aspergillus populations for agriculture. one of the medical points, the function of Aspergilli in eye infections, the mechanisms of antifungal drug resistance and their molecular id within the scientific atmosphere are covered.Several chapters care for the genomic elements of Aspergilli, together with the genomics of pigment biosynthesis, extracellular enzyme creation, aflatoxin biosynthesis and the identity of genes playing sexual tactics. extra chapters disguise the variety and inheritance of mycoviruses in Aspergilli and multilocus methods are given to explain the evolutionary background of the genus. eventually, a brand new taxonomic class of some of the Aspergillus sections is given in response to multilocus series information

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M. S. C. Fisher, 2000. Phylogenetic species recognition and species concepts in fungi. Fungal Genetics and Biology 31: 21-32. Thom, C. B. Raper, 1945. A Manual of the Aspergilli. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore. Thom, C. B. Church, 1926. The Aspergilli. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore. , 2007. Profiling phylogenetic informativeness. Systematic Biology 56: 222-231. , B. Tóth, K. Rigó, J. Téren, Z. Kozakiewicz, Z. F. Hoekstra, 2000. 8 S rRNA gene. Fungal Genetics and Biology 30: 71-80. , B. Tóth, S.

The membership in groups has changed as knowledge increased and as the defining characters of groups were better understood. Several of the subgenera proposed by Gams et al. (1985) are shown 52  Aspergillus in the genomic era  Phylogeny and subgeneric taxonomy of Aspergillus here to be monophyletic, but the other subgenera have been revised to reflect monophyly in all taxa. This new arrangement of subgenera and sections is supported by certain morphological and physiological features, and especially by different section specific secondary metabolites.

Hewitt, K. Hansen, S. A. Shoemaker, J. Kohlmeyer, B. A. Spotts, M. W. W. Hughes, K. Matsuura, E. Langer, G. A. Untereiner, R. Lucking, B. M. Geiser, A. Aptroot, P. Diederich, I. Schmitt, M. Schultz, R. S. Hibbett, F. J. W. Spatafora and R. Vilgalys, 2006. Reconstructing the early evolution of Fungi using a six-gene phylogeny. Nature 443: 818-822. , A. M. H. J. van den Hondel, 1988. Nucleotide sequence of the Aspergillus niger trpC gene: structural relationship with analogous genes in other organisms.

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Aspergillus in the genomic era by Janos Varga, Robert A. Samson

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