Biology Is Technology: The Promise, Peril, and New Business - download pdf or read online

By Robert H. Carlson

ISBN-10: 0674035445

ISBN-13: 9780674035447

Know-how is a procedure and a physique of information up to a set of artifacts. Biology isn't any different—and we're simply commencing to understand the demanding situations inherent within the subsequent level of biology as a human know-how. it truly is this severe second, with its wide-ranging implications, that Robert Carlson considers in Biology Is know-how. He deals a uniquely trained viewpoint at the endeavors that give a contribution to present development during this area—the technology of organic structures and the know-how used to govern them. In a couple of case experiences, Carlson demonstrates that the advance of latest mathematical, computational, and laboratory instruments will facilitate the engineering of organic artifacts—up to and together with organisms and ecosystems. Exploring how this may take place, just about prior technological advances, he explains how items are built almost, proven utilizing subtle mathematical versions, and at last built within the actual global. Such speedy raises within the energy, availability, and alertness of biotechnology bring up noticeable questions about who will get to take advantage of it, and to what finish. Carlson’s considerate research bargains infrequent perception into our offerings approximately the right way to improve organic applied sciences and the way those offerings will ascertain the velocity and effectiveness of innovation as a public reliable. (20100301)

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Additional resources for Biology Is Technology: The Promise, Peril, and New Business of Engineering Life

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Instead of producing stable behavior, the repressilator relies on constantly changing protein concentrations as part of its internal dynamics. The repressilator simulation revealed that if the lifetimes of the repressor proteins were too long, the circuit would produce stable expression of only one protein instead of sequential oscillations of all three. As it turned out, the natural lifetimes of the proteins were in fact too long. So Elowitz produced modified versions to ease the bridge between modeling and experiment.

Oswald Avery, Colin MacLeod, and Maclyn McCarty described a chemical process to extract from one strain of the Pneumococcus bacteria a long molecule—a “transforming principle”—that upon introduction into a different strain induced properties of the first strain, as identified by the presence of a particular molecule on the exterior surface of the recipient bacteria. ”13 Avery et al. ” Generalizing that assertion, and understanding the mechanism by which DNA encodes genetic information and can be used to transfer that information between organisms, constitutes a project that is, of course, ongoing.

One uses unnatural molecules to reproduce emergent behaviours from natural biology, with the goal of creating artificial life. The other seeks interchangeable parts from natural biology to assemble into systems that function unnaturally. 11 Again we confront the idea that building new things forces us to acknowledge and solve problems that are not apparent simply through studying life as we find it. This is true whether one is trying to rebuild biochemistry from the ground up or trying to reconfigure the arrangement and operation of ex- The Second Coming of Synthetic Biology 37 isting genes to enable new functions.

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Biology Is Technology: The Promise, Peril, and New Business of Engineering Life by Robert H. Carlson

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