By Robert H. Carlson
Know-how is a procedure and a physique of information up to a set of artifacts. Biology isn't any different—and we're simply commencing to understand the demanding situations inherent within the subsequent level of biology as a human know-how. it truly is this severe second, with its wide-ranging implications, that Robert Carlson considers in Biology Is know-how. He deals a uniquely trained viewpoint at the endeavors that give a contribution to present development during this area—the technology of organic structures and the know-how used to govern them. In a couple of case experiences, Carlson demonstrates that the advance of latest mathematical, computational, and laboratory instruments will facilitate the engineering of organic artifacts—up to and together with organisms and ecosystems. Exploring how this may take place, just about prior technological advances, he explains how items are built almost, proven utilizing subtle mathematical versions, and at last built within the actual global. Such speedy raises within the energy, availability, and alertness of biotechnology bring up noticeable questions about who will get to take advantage of it, and to what finish. Carlson’s considerate research bargains infrequent perception into our offerings approximately the right way to improve organic applied sciences and the way those offerings will ascertain the velocity and effectiveness of innovation as a public reliable. (20100301)
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Additional resources for Biology Is Technology: The Promise, Peril, and New Business of Engineering Life
Instead of producing stable behavior, the repressilator relies on constantly changing protein concentrations as part of its internal dynamics. The repressilator simulation revealed that if the lifetimes of the repressor proteins were too long, the circuit would produce stable expression of only one protein instead of sequential oscillations of all three. As it turned out, the natural lifetimes of the proteins were in fact too long. So Elowitz produced modiﬁed versions to ease the bridge between modeling and experiment.
Oswald Avery, Colin MacLeod, and Maclyn McCarty described a chemical process to extract from one strain of the Pneumococcus bacteria a long molecule—a “transforming principle”—that upon introduction into a different strain induced properties of the ﬁrst strain, as identiﬁed by the presence of a particular molecule on the exterior surface of the recipient bacteria. ”13 Avery et al. ” Generalizing that assertion, and understanding the mechanism by which DNA encodes genetic information and can be used to transfer that information between organisms, constitutes a project that is, of course, ongoing.
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Biology Is Technology: The Promise, Peril, and New Business of Engineering Life by Robert H. Carlson