By BIOTOL, B C Currell, R C E Dam-Mieras
Demonstrates how organic catalysis will be utilized to the construction of worth extra chemical compounds. Use is made from a various variety of case experiences to offer a breadth of expertise. It additionally unearths how bio-systems are being hired to supply quite a lot of important commodities together with antibiotics and different therapeutics, middleman metabolites akin to citrate, malate, gels and different priceless polymers.
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Extra resources for Biotechnological Innovations in Chemical Synthesis (Biotechnology by Open Learning)
If you were unable to do these calculations, we would suggest that you read the BIOTOL text entitled ’In mho Cultivation of Micm-organisms‘ or other suitable texts of the fundamental principles of cell cultivation. Chapter 4 80 n For SCP production from carbohydrates, aerobic rather than anaerobicgrowth is preferred, as aerobic growth leads to higher biomass yield coefficients (kg biomass produced per kg substrate used). Choose the correct reason for such higher yield coefficient from the following.
This involves chopping up the substrate, if necessary, and steamingit for about 1hour (for hydration, and pasteurisation to reduce numbers of competing mimrganisms). After steaming, the substrate is cooled and the moisture content is adjusted, if necessary, to 5@75%. Ammonium salt and other necessary minerals are added, followed by inoculation and incubation. This type of process can be carried out on a small scale with manual aeration (by 'turning the pile'). On a larger scale, inoculated material can be incubated in tanks or bins with mechanical raking and forced aeration, or laid out in rows and turned mechanically.
European economies are recovering from the effects of war, and increasing prosperity is leading to increasing consumption of meat, which had been rationed throughout much of Europe during the war years and for some time after. Meat rationing is therefore still very much in peoples memories. Europe has never been self sufficientin animal feed, and relies on importsof soya from the USA and fish meal from South America. This, then, was the Scene in which SCP projects were planned in Europe. The need for alternative foods and feedstuffs was clear and, in the UK and elsewhere, oil and gas seemed a plentiful and cheap resource from which to produce them.
Biotechnological Innovations in Chemical Synthesis (Biotechnology by Open Learning) by BIOTOL, B C Currell, R C E Dam-Mieras