Get Biotechnology of Fruit and Nut Crops (Biotechnology in PDF

By Richard E Litz

ISBN-10: 0851996620

ISBN-13: 9780851996622

This booklet is a entire reference paintings at the present prestige of biotechnology of the most important temperate, subtropical and tropical fruit and nut crop species of the area. it's a alternative of Biotechnology of Perennial Fruit vegetation (eds Hammerschlag and Litz, CABI, 1992) and comprises assurance of extra fruit in addition to nut crop species. each one bankruptcy features a common advent to the actual plant family members, with an summary of the industrial value and capability of biotechnology for fruit and nut species in the kin, prior to studying person species in additional element.

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Extra resources for Biotechnology of Fruit and Nut Crops (Biotechnology in Agriculture Series, Volume 29)

Example text

2 ␮M benzyladenine (BA). Often, the MS medium strength has been reduced to 75% or 50%. Kiwifruit shoot cultures have been maintained under a photoperiod of 16 h with variable light intensities (usually 25–35 ␮mol photons/m2/s) and temperatures of 22 ± 2°C. 3 ␮M indolebutyric acid (IBA), and chilled lateral buds were the best for multiplication (Lionakis and Zirari, 1991). Marino and Bertazza (1990) verified that BA caused hyperhydricity of older leaves, an effect not observed with zeatin, but higher proliferation rates.

3. Haploid recovery Haploid production through culture of anthers or ovules has not been reported in Actinidia, although anther and pollen culture have been attempted (Fraser and Harvey, 1986). Haploids have been obtained only by parthenogenic induction of unfertilized egg cells in A. , 1990). , 1990; Chalak and Legave, 1997). Pandey et al. (1990) referred to these parthenogenic haploids as triploids, considering the ‘haploidization’ of the hexaploid genome, and Chalak and Legave (1996, 1997) called them trihaploids.

Somatic embryogenesis Several papers dealing with tissue culture in Actinidia have reported induction of embryogenic cultures; however, in only a few cases has this process been specifically addressed (see Oliveira, 1999, for review). When male and female genotypes of A. chinensis and A. deliciosa were tested for their embryogenic potential, A. chinensis was the more responsive species, although the embryogenic response was highly genotype-dependent. Stems and roots, leaves, anthers and filaments have all been used as explants, but consistent embryo conversion into plantlets was only demonstrated from the anther wall callus (Fraser and Harvey, 1986).

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Biotechnology of Fruit and Nut Crops (Biotechnology in Agriculture Series, Volume 29) by Richard E Litz

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