By Richard VanNess Simmons
This quantity is an research and type of dialects alongside the Wu and Jiang-Hwai Mandarin border in China's japanese Yangtze Valley. it's the first monograph-length research to severely query the normal unmarried criterion of preliminary voicing for the category of Wu dialects and suggest a accomplished comparative framework as a extra profitable substitute. Arguing that dialect association is healthier decided via research of dialect correspondence to universal phonological structures, the writer develops a taxonomic research that definitively distinguishes universal Northern Wu and Mandarin dialects. through clarifying dialect association within the Wu and Mandarin border zone, this quantity makes major contributions to our figuring out of the real nature of the region's dialects and their history.
Using basically information drawn from the author's personal fieldwork, the amount comprises copious comparative examples and an intensive lexicon of the outdated Jintarn dialect.
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Additional resources for Chinese Dialect Classification: A Comparative Approach to Harngjou, Old Jintarn, and Common Northern Wu
Yet the dialect is also developing in ways that from a typological perspective make it seem more and more like a Wu dialect; and these developments are given impetus by the city's isolation in Wu territory. Many Wu elements have entered Harngjou lexicon, grammar, and morphology and are in everyday use, for example, certain Wu forms of words (as alongside for "socks"; "inside" in the vocabulary of younger speakers), the adverbs and the demonstrative , and the adverbial suffix (Simmons 1992, especially Chapters 4 and 5).
E. Charngjou ) (1928:76-77). Of the seventy-two Jehjiang Wu dialects treated in Fuh Gwotong et al. (1985), only five have tonal systems that correspond in shanq and chiuh categories to Harngjou: Yu'harng , Lin'an , Changhuah , Tornglu , and Fenshoei . The usual pattern in Wu dialects is for shanq tone syllables reflecting Chiehyunn tsyhjwo initials to fall under yangshanq or yangchiuh (the latter when yangshanq and yangchiuh are merged). Shanqhae and Sujou are examples of dialects showing the typical Wu pattern.
In addition, through examination of the rhyming practices of Sonq period poets from the Biannliang-Louyang region, Jou Tzuumo has determined that jwoshanq and jwochiuh were merged in the "Biannliang-Luohyang dialect phonology" (Biann-Luoh fangin ) underlying the Hwangjyi jingshyh system (1966:654-655). Yakhontov explains that, taken together, this particular combination of categories outlines a seven tone system underlying the Hwangjyi jingshyh phonology, a system he notes is just like that of Harngjou (1980:192).
Chinese Dialect Classification: A Comparative Approach to Harngjou, Old Jintarn, and Common Northern Wu by Richard VanNess Simmons