By C. M. Wood, S. F. Perry (auth.), Professor Dr. Raymond Gilles (eds.)
This quantity is a type of released from the complaints of the invited lectures to the 1st overseas Congress of Comparative body structure and Biochemistry I prepared at Liege (Belgium) in August 1984 less than the auspices of the component to Comparative body structure and Biochemistry of the foreign Union of organic Sciences. In a normal foreword to those diverse volumes, it sort of feels to me acceptable to think about in short what could be the comparative strategy. dwelling organisms, past the variety in their morphological varieties, have developed a frequent variety of uncomplicated options to deal with the several difficulties, either organisma1 and environmenta1 with which they're confronted. quickly after the flip of the century, a few biologists learned that those suggestions will be most sensible comprehended within the body paintings of a comparative process integrating result of physiologica1 and biochemica1 reviews performed on the organismic, mobile and molecular degrees. the advance of this process among either physiologists and biochemists remained, notwithstanding, super sluggish until eventually recently.
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Additional info for Circulation, Respiration, and Metabolism: Current Comparative Approaches
GLEESON! F. BENNETT2 1 Introduction An important aspect of the reptilian response to exercise is a heavy reliance on anaerobic energy production to supplement aerobic metabolism during even modest activity. The aerobic and anaerobic capacities of reptiles, and the implications of these capacities for vigorous activity, have been recently discussed (Bennett and Dawson 1976; Bennett 1978, 1980). Like other terrestrial vertebrates, reptiles have been shown to incremen t the rate of oxygen consumption in proportion to the in tensi ty oflocomotory exercise (Fig.
Readers are referred to White (1976) for a summary of the literature on aspects of reptilian cardiac anatomy, innervation, and function at rest. Our understanding of how the reptilian cardiovascular system functions during exercise is rather limited. Comprehensive data on the components of cardiac output (heart rate, stroke volume) and oxygen extraction (arterial and mixed venous oxygen content. Cao 2 and Cvo2, respectively) in active reptiles exist for only two lizards (Tuck~r 1966; Gleeson et al.
Interesting changes in OP occur as body temperature is varied. Body temperature is an important variable in reptilian biology, affecting many aspects of physiology and behavior. The changes that occur in maximal oxygen pulse (OPmaxJ with temperature suggest that its components are temperature sensitive. , resting oxygen consumption and heart rate have similar thermal dependencies. During maximal exercise, however, OP increases four to five times above resting levels, and is maximal at low body temperatures in most reptiles (Fig.
Circulation, Respiration, and Metabolism: Current Comparative Approaches by C. M. Wood, S. F. Perry (auth.), Professor Dr. Raymond Gilles (eds.)