Jane F. Hacking's Coding the Hypothetical: A comparative typology of Russian PDF

By Jane F. Hacking

ISBN-10: 9027230412

ISBN-13: 9789027230416

Conditionals encode hypothesis. they impart how occasions might have been varied long ago or current, or can be varied sooner or later if specific stipulations were or might be met. whereas all languages have enough money the capacity to take a position or hypothesize approximately attainable occasions, the ways that they accomplish that differ. This paintings explores a few of this modification via an research of the stucture and semantics of complicated conditional sentences in Russian and Macedonian. It addresses typological questions on the overall houses of traditional language conditionals and examines the function of the grammatical different types tense, aspect, mood and status within the coding of conditional which means. The e-book additionally discusses the connection among using those different types and the form of a language’s conditional approach. for instance, using tense in counterfactual contexts in Macedonian correlates with the grammaticalization of extra colours of conditional which means than are grammaticalized in Russian, which doesn't hire demanding varieties during this method. The learn attracts on info from a wealthy number of assets and therefore comprises forms of conditionals ignored in lots of different experiences. The publication addresses problems with trouble to Slavists and increases questions for these attracted to conditionals and the coding of hypothetical which means.

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Extra resources for Coding the Hypothetical: A comparative typology of Russian and Macedonian conditionals

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One or two representative points should be sufficient to convey his ideas. First, he argues that, semantically, it makes little sense to separate ctoby from cto and by. Brecht's analysis is based on a detailed exposition of the Russian system of verbal mood. I will not repeat the rather lengthy argument here, but simply note the conclusion he draws, namely that the modal meaning present in ctoby is clearly carried by the modal particle by. , 30 Chapter 2 not necessarily ctoby) occurs in subsequent clauses.

The following illustrates each approach. Ljapon (1986) is representative of authors who focus on esli. She divides its semantic sphere of use into a dominant meaning versus other meanings. The dominant meaning of esli is, according to her analysis, hypotheticalness 24 Chapter 2 (gipotetičnost'). She states that some verbs forms — for example, the nonpast — support this meaning. However, in order to make it clear that it is not simply verbal morphology, but rather the conjunction, that engenders a conditional interpretation, she offers examples of sentences with esli and past tense morphology where the meaning is clearly conditional (104).

This compound conjunction is viewed as analogous to the complementizer ctoby, considered by many to be an independent lexeme, and not two separate lexemes: cto and by. A review of the debate over ctoby's status will help orient the discussion of combinations such as esli by. The Academy Grammar (1990:519-20) treats ctoby as a separate lexeme. It is listed along with cto, budto, , and other conjunctions which introduce a sentential complement (iz'jasnitel'noe predlozenie). Others also treat ctoby as an independent lexeme (Volodin 1961:4, Lopuxina 1985:14).

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Coding the Hypothetical: A comparative typology of Russian and Macedonian conditionals by Jane F. Hacking

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