By Eric Raimy, Charles E. Cairns
The essays during this quantity handle foundational questions in phonology that lower throughout assorted faculties of proposal in the self-discipline. The subject matter of modularity runs via all of them, notwithstanding, and those essays show the advantages of the modular method of phonology, both investigating interactions between distinctive modules or constructing particular facets of illustration inside of a selected module. even though the individuals take divergent perspectives on various matters, they agree at the significance of representations and questions of modularity in phonology. Their essays tackle the prestige of phonological good points, syllable idea, metrical constitution, the structure of the phonological part, and interplay between elements of phonology. within the early Nineties the increase of Optimality Theory--which instructed that natural computation may clear up the issues of representations and modularity--eclipsed the centrality of those concerns for phonology. This publication is exclusive in delivering a coherent view of phonology that isn't Optimality concept established. The essays during this e-book, all via wonderful phonologists, display that computation and illustration are inherently associated; they don't deny Optimality conception, yet try and movement the sphere of phonology past it.
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Extra info for Contemporary Views on Architecture and Representations in Phonology (Current Studies in Linguistics)
Thus, for example, if the number of nasal vowels in a language is always less than the number of oral vowels in accordance with (13a), it can never be the case that a language will have nasal vowels without oral vowels, violating (14a). However, while the statements in (14) follow from those in (13), the reverse is not true. Languages can violate the statements in (13) without violating those in (14). Consequently, those in (13) make the stronger claim. To see this, let us compare the vowel systems in (15).
This principle holds that there is a universal hierarchy of features such that, in constituting their inventories, languages draw upon higher-ranked features in the hi- Role of Features in Phonological Inventories 43 erarchy before drawing upon lower-ranked features. ) The Robustness principle addresses a signiﬁcant gap in the theory developed so far. Sound inventories do not typically consist of only vowels, or only fricatives, or only labial sounds. Instead, they typically draw their members from a wide variety of feature dimensions, including at least three major places of articulation and several manner categories (Maddieson 1984).
The numbers corresponding to each of these cases in UPSID are shown in (22). (22) Sound a. Kw ’ b. K’ Kw c. K Marked feature values 2 1 1 0 No. of languages 23 68 69 450 Average no. 7 Our expectation is conﬁrmed. 7 consonants (equal to the average number of consonants in UPSID languages overall). In such examples, we ﬁnd a positive correlation between the degree of markedness of a segment and the average size of the inventories containing it. This correlation is another consequence of Marked Feature Avoidance.
Contemporary Views on Architecture and Representations in Phonology (Current Studies in Linguistics) by Eric Raimy, Charles E. Cairns