By Geneviève Escure
This paintings examines the unguided acquisition of a regular language by means of audio system of nonstandard types in precise linguistic and geographical occasions: in a Caribbean creole state of affairs (Belize); and in a non-creole state of affairs (PRC) in China. In either instances, psychosocial elements, linguistic bias towards non-native renderings of the traditional forms, the social prestige in their audio system, and similar political and academic results play a massive function within the improvement of moment dialects. the final word objective underlying the comparability of particular discourse variables in Belizean and chinese language general acquisition is to guage the relative benefits of substratal, superstratal, and common factors in language improvement.
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Additional info for Creole and Dialect Continua: Standard Acquisition Processes in Belize and China (Prc) (Creole Language Library)
Obviously, Belizean English-based creoles and Chinese dialects are genet ically and historically unrelated, and the countries in which those varieties are spoken are maximally different in size and ethnic composition. This apparent lack of connection is one reason why I elected to analyze the linguistic situa tions in those two geographically distant sites. Comparing the two types of acquisition should highlight universal aspects of acquisition, as well as the issue of whether there is any substance to the notion that creoles develop in any dis tinctive way (Escure 1993a; 1994).
Emigration is obviously an important factor likely to influence the lan guage situation, either because this young population is likely to have a power ful impact on language choice or because connections with United States resi dents may affect language development in Belize. Considering the pervading emigration, the population could be expected to show a slow increase or even a decrease. 1: Population growth in Belize (Population Census, 1991) Year Population 1960 90,565 1970 119,645 1980 145,353 1991 189,392 Growth during decade 29,000 25,000 44,000 Why this apparent growth?
Ruins of cities and pyramids are scattered and half-buried under the tropical jungles, a silent testimony to the existence of a lost civilization forgotten even by its descendants. Some of the sites that have been excavated or surveyed include Altun Ha, San Jose, La Milpa, Mun Diego and others in northern Belize; Xunantunich, Actun Balam, Caracol, Cahal Pech and Tzimin Kax in the West (Cayo District near the Guatemalan border); and Lubantum and Pusilha in the southern Toledo District. The Mayas in Belize now consist of three groups, each speaking a differ ent language variety and living in separate areas.
Creole and Dialect Continua: Standard Acquisition Processes in Belize and China (Prc) (Creole Language Library) by Geneviève Escure