By Lenore A. Grenoble
The function deixis performs in structuring language and its relation to the context of utterance presents the point of interest for an exam of knowledge packaging in Russian discourse. The research relies on a version which translates discourse as constituted through 4 interrelated frameworks — the linguistic textual content, the textual content surroundings, the textual content content material, and the player framework. Deixis is split into 3 fundamental dimensions of time, area, and individual, that are metaphorically prolonged to secondary dimensions of data prestige (knowledge, concentration, and theme). The linguistic units which functionality in those dimensions encode details prestige via serving a number of communicative features, together with the presentative, directive, selecting, informing, acknowledging, and expressive capabilities. Discourse markers and deictics supply hyperlinks among the content material of the message, the linguistic textual content itself, and the context during which the message is produced. They introduce new contributors, sign alterations in thematic constitution, bracket topical devices, and mark the relative prestige of information.
The ebook is written with either descriptive and theoretical targets. It goals to synthesize and revise present methods to deixis and knowledge packaging to account for the Russian information. The research extends past fundamental deixis to incorporate wisdom constructions and assets of data, in addition to the metalinguistic units which sign alterations in info move, and grounding and saliency kin.
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Extra resources for Deixis and Information Packaging in Russian Discourse
DEIXIS AND INFORMATION PACKAGING They may signal the boundaries of superordinate topical units. They may track a local-level topic, and signal changes in that topic. They index background knowledge which has not been activated in the discourse. They serve an individuating, or singularizing function, thereby functioning to mark saliency of participants or to mark foreground/background relations of events. They serve local cohesive ties by functioning to link together text, co-text and elements of the text setting.
Such shifts of deictic centers can also be used in 3rd person narratives to signal perspective or point of view. In what follows, it will at times be necessary to distinguish between the temporal zero-point of the utterance (the "now" of the speech situation), its spatial zero-point (the "here") and the person zero-point ("I"). 3). 2 The deictic field Crucial to an understanding of deixis is the deictic space or field, from Bühler's Zeigfeld (1934/82: 79-148; see especially 102-20). For Bühler the deictic field is made up of the here-now-I orientation of the utterance, including both speaker and addressee(s), who interpret the linguistic symbols with reference to this field.
This similarity between here and now on the one hand, and there and then on the other, can also be seen in terms of included versus excluded. This may account for the fact that cross-linguistically spatial deictics are used metaphorically for temporal deixis, but not vice versa. 1 The oppositions ± proximal and ±inclusive Central to spatial deixis is the opposition of proximal versus distal with relation to the zero-point; these constitute in part the referential structure of the spatial deictic term.
Deixis and Information Packaging in Russian Discourse by Lenore A. Grenoble