By Irma Taavitsainen, Merja Kytö, Claudia Claridge, Jeremy Smith
The background of the English language is an enormous and various zone of study. during this quantity, a group of prime historians of English come jointly to examine 'real' language, drawing on corpus info to shed new gentle on normal matters and debates within the box. Combining synchronic and diachronic research, the chapters deal with the most important concerns in corpus linguistics - methodological, theoretical and utilized - and position distinct concentrate on using digital assets within the learn of English and the broader box of electronic humanities. issues coated comprise polemical articles at the optimum use of corpus linguistic tools, macro-level styles of textual content and discourse supplier, and micro-features akin to interjections and hesitators. protecting Englishes from the earlier and current, this ebook is designed particularly for graduate scholars and researchers operating in fields of corpus linguistics, the historical past of the English language, and ancient linguistics.
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Extra resources for Developments in English: Expanding Electronic Evidence
Part II continues the line of case studies but focuses on changing patterns of syntax and semantics, at the same time illustrating what new corpora and other electronic resources can yield. The ﬁrst two chapters have several points in common, as discussed in the Introduction to Part I. The second and the third contributions deal with speech-based data, and the latter bridges to Part II, as it deals with interjections. Thus pragmatics is present already in Part II, but Part III is explicitly devoted to the emerging ﬁeld of corpus pragmatics, showing how ‘marginal’ language data such as 8 Irma Taavitsainen et al.
Meyer three corpora: the London–Lund Corpus (1960–1980), the Brown corpus (1961), and the Survey of English Usage corpus (‘Quirk Corpus’) (1955–1985). Various types of spontaneous dialogues were analyzed in the London–Lund Corpus, and three written genres – press, learned (humanistic/scientiﬁc), and ﬁction – in the Brown and Survey of English Usage corpora. A total of 120,000 words (evenly divided among genres) were selected from each corpus. Unlike CDAs, CBAs are often based on smaller corpora with greater attention paid to insuring that the corpus being analyzed is balanced and representative (Xiao 2009: 994).
Grammatical information – Identiﬁcation of noun phrases, subordinate clauses, subjects, objects, etc. Ethnographic information – Age, gender, social class, etc. Structural and ethnographic information are largely uncontroversial, since such information simply describes features of spoken and written texts such as overlapping speech or paragraph boundaries. Part of speech and grammatical information, however, are highly controversial, and proponents of CBAs and CDAs have very different attitudes towards the value of including this type of information in a corpus.
Developments in English: Expanding Electronic Evidence by Irma Taavitsainen, Merja Kytö, Claudia Claridge, Jeremy Smith