By Ursula Lutzky
This quantity offers new insights into the character of the Early smooth English discourse markers marry, well and why throughout the research of 3 corpora (A Corpus of English Dialogues, 1560-1760, the Parsed Corpus of Early English Correspondence, and the Penn-Helsinki Parsed Corpus of Early sleek English). by way of combining either quantitative and qualitative techniques within the examine of pragmatic markers, leading edge findings are reached approximately their distribution during the interval 1500-1760, their attestation in numerous speech-related textual content varieties in addition to similarities and adjustments of their services. also, this paintings engages in a sociopragmatic research, in response to the sociopragmatically annotated Drama Corpus of virtually 1 / 4 of 1000000 phrases, to reinforce our knowing approximately their use via characters of alternative social prestige and gender. This quantity as a result constitutes a vital piece of the puzzle in our try to achieve a whole photograph of discourse marker use.
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Extra resources for Discourse Markers in Early Modern English
Texts written by women are, on the other hand, either not available at all, especially for early periods, or their number is compared to male texts very small. g. ; Lutzky 2008, 2009, forthcoming). 6 Conclusion In this section, I discussed the basic features that were identified for discourse markers in previous studies (see Table 1). Discourse markers were said to differ in the number of basic characteristics they share and to therefore qualify as more or less prototypical members of the class, with no single discourse marker necessarily showing all of the basic features.
Additionally, features of orality form part of genres that “represent spoken language in a written form” (Jucker 2002: 210). In a study of EModE discourse markers, Jucker (2002: 213) discovered that “the frequency of discourse markers is a 3. I primarily use the term text type in the present study. The term genre is used when referring to previous studies which adopted this term or when I specifically want to stress “external evidence in the context of culture” (Taavitsainen 2001: 140). 23 24 Discourse Markers in Early Modern English direct correlate of the amount of (representations of) spoken language that is likely to occur in any particular genre”.
G. ) provide further insights into the exact conditions under which individual markers are stylistically stigmatized. Finally, the last feature mentioned in Table 1 describes discourse markers as being gender specific and more typical of women’s speech. This feature is, however, regarded as controversial for two main reasons: on the one hand, initial claims were not based on empirical evidence (see Lakoff 2004 ) and, on the other hand, subsequent studies did not arrive at consistent results.
Discourse Markers in Early Modern English by Ursula Lutzky