By Björn Collinder
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Additional resources for Fenno-Ugric Vocabulary
Both manuscripts were copied by the same scribe, Thomas Chetham (c. 1490–1546), probably for his own use. The Glasgow Gest Hystoriale is localised entirely plausibly by LALME to the South-East Lancashire/ Cheshire border; but the linguistic evidence presented by the manuscript needs to be judged with some care. 8 is a table comparing a selection of forms from the Gest Hystoriale with two other texts: the Chetham Gower, and MS Oxford, Bodleian Library, Fairfax 3, another copy of the Confessio Amantis whose language has been shown to be as good as that of an authorial holograph (Samuels and Smith 1981).
However, this effort cannot be too little; the production of differentiated meaning is clearly a matter of speaker-hearer interaction, and the demands of communicative efficiency are such that a whole series of cues, not just one, must be offered to the hearer by the speaker. Languages need such redundancy, for no two speakers have the same usage, and to attempt to distinguish meaning on the basis of single cues would risk unintelligibility. g. an intended statement is expressed with intonation appropriate to a question), the system undergoes pressure.
However, for the following items (group (b)), Chetham uses in his Gower the same form he uses in the Gest: mony, any, shuld, hundreth, but. It seems probable that Chetham’s behaviour here is of the kind called ‘constrained’. In such an interpretation, mony etc. would represent Chetham’s core repertoire of forms—forms which he will always use, because others are outside his linguistic ‘horizon’—while his variation between, for example, she when copying Gower and ho in the Glasgow Gest shows the activation of one of two possible variables in his repertoire when one of them appears in his exemplar.
Fenno-Ugric Vocabulary by Björn Collinder