Introduction to Phase Equilibria in Ceramics - download pdf or read online

By Clifton G. Bergeron

ISBN-10: 0916094588

ISBN-13: 9780916094584

A step by step consultant on easy methods to use and interpret part diagrams. even if used as a textbook or a reference resource, this publication is the main thorough and entire device on hand for clients of section details. A ideas guide is out there to teachers; touch customer support for info.

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Sample text

A1203is used in the production of electronic substrates, spark plugs, cutting tools, and lamp envelopes. Mullite and many other compositions in this system are useful in high-temperature refractories. Examination of the liquidus curve (Fig. 35) shows that a liquid phase begins to form at 1595°C and that a few percent of A1203 would markedly increase the proportion of liquid in the brick at temperatures between 1595°C and the melting point of S O 2 . The increase in the amount of 44 r 2400 - I 1 Liq.

Wattenberg and E. Prophet, Z . Anorg. Allg. , 208, 379 (1932). J. Welch and W. Gutt, J. Am. Cerum. , 42 [l] 1 1 (1959). 47 This page intentionally left blank Determination of Phase Equilibrium Diagrams In order to determine the phase relations of a system, it is necessary to establish the phases existing at various temperatures for selected compositions within the system. The positions of the invariant points, the liquidus lines or surfaces, and other points, lines, or surfaces at which phase reactions occur must be determined in such a manner that the data represent phase relations under stable or metastable equilibrium conditions.

A melt whose composition lies between a and d and which is cooled to temperature T , will tend to separate into two liquids, the relative proportions of which will depend upon the position of the isopleth relative to the tie line ad in Fig. 31 (A). The inflection points, b and c , on the free energy curve have special significance. Melt compositions between a and b and between c and d are metastable and will remain as a single liquid when cooled to T , unless the second phase is somehow nucleated.

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Introduction to Phase Equilibria in Ceramics by Clifton G. Bergeron


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