By Robert Allen, Tommy Bengtsson, Martin Dribe
While did Europe pull prior to Asia when it comes to residing criteria? a few recognized students examine fiscal and demographic signs of overall healthiness within the pre-industrial interval. The rising photo isn't really one among nice modifications, yet of substantial similarities in lifestyle among Europe and Asia sooner than the economic Revolution.
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Additional resources for Living Standards in the Past: New Perspectives on Well-Being in Asia and Europe
The mortality patterns do parallel those found by Lee, Campbell and Tan (1992) for Liaoning, China, in the late eighteenth to late nineteenth century. 6. When the Gap between the East and the West Emerged The contributions of this volume show the difﬁculties in comparing living standards across continents, and the gains to be had from combining different approaches. Regional disaggregation is important since some regions prospered while others declined at both ends of Eurasia. Likewise, disaggregation by class and status is important since some groups gained while others lost.
2004). Quite the contrary, recent works by James Lee and Wang Feng (1999) and William Lavely and Bin Wong (1998) have challenged the classical view of the extreme population pressure in the East. These revisionists believe that Malthus was fundamentally incorrect and argue that deliberate infanticide was a more important check on population size than famines and other catastrophes. Early marriages, meanwhile, did not lead to a high birth rate because imbalances in the marriage market, created by female infanticide and restrictions on remarriage, meant that many men could never marry.
The chapter by Philip Hoffman, David Jacks, Patricia Levin, and Peter Lindert as well as the chapter by Jan Luiten van Zanden concentrate on the measurement of economic well-being in Western Europe. Both chapters make improvements in the cost-of-living indices used to convert money incomes into purchasing power equivalents (real incomes). Van Zanden introduces house rents into the consumer 12 INTRODUCTION price index (CPI) for Holland. This is important as rent increased very rapidly. Hoffman et al.
Living Standards in the Past: New Perspectives on Well-Being in Asia and Europe by Robert Allen, Tommy Bengtsson, Martin Dribe