By Sharon Unsworth, Teresa Parodi, Antonella Sorace, Martha Young-Scholten
The focus of generative language improvement examine in fresh a long time has been the logical challenge of language acquisition - how newcomers transcend the enter to obtain advanced linguistic wisdom. This assortment offers with the complementary factor of the developmental challenge of language acquisition: How do inexperienced persons flow from one developmental level to a different and the way and why do grammars advance in a undeniable type? construction on enormous earlier study, the authors tackle either basic and particular matters concerning paths of improvement. those matters are tackled via contemplating stories of L1 and L2 young ones and L2 adults studying quite a number languages together with Dutch, English, French, German, Greek and eastern.
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Extra resources for Paths of Development in L1 and L2 acquisition: In honor of Bonnie D. Schwartz
Chomsky (2001) assumes a defective vP in unaccusatives and passives, which forces the internal argument to appear in the higher subject position. This account is adopted here for unaccusatives, but not for passives, for reasons discussed in the previous section. . Manzini & Roussou (2000) argue that theta-features can be attracted by inflectional features such as subject-verb agreement in null subject languages. For present purposes, we would like to restrict the set of possible theta-attractors to DPs, ‘reflexive’ clitics and voice morphology, whereas phi-features do not interact with transitivity.
Embick 2004). Clearly, the adult native speaker shows preferences for the anti-causative, passive or reflexive reading depending on semantic or pragmatic properties of the verb as well as extralinguistic factors that regulate vocabulary choices. The grammar, however, does not distinguish between derivations in any way other than the reflexive/non-reflexive distinction in sentences with non-active voice morphology. In the following section the representation of non-active voice morphology and the derivation in the reflexive and non-reflexive structures is presented.
As it stands, option (iii) is problematic because it excludes clitics, being heads, from the set of lexicalised arguments.
Paths of Development in L1 and L2 acquisition: In honor of Bonnie D. Schwartz by Sharon Unsworth, Teresa Parodi, Antonella Sorace, Martha Young-Scholten